Eine Reihe von blauen und orangefarbenen Müllcontainern, die für gewerbliche Abfallentsorgung verwendet werden, stehen nebeneinander. Ein Paragraphenzeichen zentriert auf einem orangefarbenen Kreishintergrund.
Site Waste Management > Legal Basis

Closed Substance Cycle Waste Management Act and Commercial Waste Ordinance - what you need to know

Legal basis for the disposal of commercial waste

Waste of different material groups is generated in companies of every industry. To protect people, nature and the environment, the Closed Substance Cycle Waste Management Act (Kreislaufwirtschaftsgesetz) and the Commercial Waste Ordinance (c) in Germany in particular regulate the proper handling of such commercial waste. The legal basis aims to direct an increasing proportion of commercial waste to material recycling and save resources.

The Commercial Waste Ordinance (Gewerbeabfallverordnung) therefore obliges all commercial operators, as producers and owners of so-called commercial residential waste, to collect the waste fractions separately and to feed them for recycling. The following waste fractions are to be collected separately and must be recycled as a priority:

Eine Justitia-Figur im Fokus mit einer unscharfen Person im Hintergrund, die an einem Schreibtisch mit einem geöffneten Buch und einem Laptop arbeitet.


Commercial residential waste

Construction and demolition waste


Paper / Board / Cardboard













 Insulation material



 Bitumenous mixtures



 Gypsum-based building materials


 Further comparable fractions







 Tiles and ceramics


Separate collection obligation

The obligation for separate collection does not apply if this is either technically not possible, for example no sufficient conditions for separate collection in a business, or if this is not economically reasonable, for example the costs for separate collection would be unreasonably high.

Ein gelber Bagger mit geöffnetem Schaufelarm bewegt sich über einen Haufen von Schutt und Ziegelsteinen auf einer Baustelle.

Recycling quota and commercial waste ordinance - this exception applies!

If commercial waste is permissibly collected in mixed form, it must always be fed into a pre-treatment facility. In this case, the waste producer must obtain written confirmation from the plant operator that the plant complies with the requirements of the GewAbfV. This so-called operator declaration serves as proof of compliance with the sorting quota of 85%.

As with separate collection, two exceptions apply: The pre-treatment obligation does not apply, if the treatment of the mixtures in a pre-treatment facility is technically impossible or economically unreasonable. In addition, the following applies: If the proportion of mixed waste collected does not exceed 10 % of all waste and at least 90 % of all commercial waste was collected separately in a company in the previous year, the obligation for pre-treatment according to the GewAbfV does not apply, if an expert's report is submitted. In order to document this so-called separate collection quota, the producer must prepare a certificate audited by an authorised expert by 31 March of the following year. The evidence must be presented to the relevant authority upon request.

No disposal concept? Fines are imminent!

Producers of commercial waste, who cannot exhibit separate collection and documentation according to the Commercial Waste Ordinance must expect severe fines. After all a violation of one or more regulations of the GewAbfV is an administrative offence that can result in fines of up to €100,000. Depending on the offence this can affect either the waste producer himself, but also specialised waste management companies or operators of pre-treatment facilities.

Kompostierbare Küchenabfälle, darunter Obst- und Gemüsereste wie Orangenschalen und verwelkte Blattgemüse, ein typischer organischer Abfallhaufen.

Your documentation obligations according to the Commercial Waste Ordinance

According to the GewAbfV, waste producers are obliged to properly document separate collection. This means that waste producers must prove by photographs, site plans or practical documents, like invoices, delivery or weighing notes that the commercial waste generated has been collected separately and sent for recycling. Companies and businesses that generate less than 10 cbm of construction and demolition waste are not affected by the legal obligation. For residential waste, on the other hand, there is no de minimis limit.

In addition, the Commercial Waste Ordinance obliges companies to have the supply of separately collected commercial residential waste or construction and demolition waste certified by the waste management company by means of a so-called take-over declaration (“Übernahmeerklärung”). The proof must contain the contact details of the company commissioned, the mass per type of waste (not volume, bulk weight is required for small quantities) and the type of recycling of the waste and must be provided before acceptance.

Fulfil your obligations of the Commercial Waste Ordinance with BellandVision

So that you can concentrate on your core business, we provide you with comprehensive advice on your legally compliant facility waste disposal. Your advantage: BellandVision offers you a 100% legally compliant disposal solution that is continuously analysed and optimised by disposal experts. This way you reduce your waste costs to a minimum, save time and avoid fines.

Rely on our nationwide disposal network and over 20 years of expertise in waste management: Request your individual facitity waste disposal solution now!

Here you will find tailor-made solutions for your industry:

Trade & Consumer Goods
Prod. Trade/Industry
Hotel & Gastronomy
Construction Industry
Health & Care
Transport Packaging
Other Disposal Solutions